Chronology – from the Seleta culture to the 20th century

The territory of Miskolc and its surroundings are one of the places inhabited for the longest time in Europe. The remembrances of the so-called „Seleta culture”, justifying the presence of primitive man in Hungary at first, are about 60-70,000 years old.

Miskolc, built along important trade routes, was a trade city already in the Middle Ages and in 1365 King Louis the Great awarded it the county rank.
The most significant site of the history of the today’s city is the Castle of Diósgyőr, a formerly independent settlement, which was mentioned in the chronicles already in the 1100s. The castle was in its glory in the 14th-15th century.

Miskolc played a regional leading role from the 15th century, enabled by its location at the meeting point of Alföld (Great Plain) and Felföld (Highland). Partly due to this, by the 19th century the city became an important cultural centre, safeguarding this role until now. Within the territory of today’s Hungary in 1823 the first stone theatre was erected here, in which a permanent ensemble was operating in Hungarian language.

During the 20th century Miskolc essentially transformed: it became the centre of the heavy industry, changing the society’s structure as well. Subsequent to 1990 by closing the Steel Works of Diósgyőr the significance of the heavy industry ceased, however the cultural role, determinant earlier, remained, and even strengthened by today.

In the 21st century the „Bartók+…” International Opera Festival counts as the city’s most important cultural value, organized since 2001, attracting visitors not only from our country but also from abroad.

In 2005 on the tender of the Cultural Capital of Europe Miskolc succeeded in the second place after Pécs, subsequently in 2008 the city was awarded the Prize “Hungarian City of Culture”.

Miskolc is the centre of the North-Hungarian region, embodying also a significant economic power. 39 settlements belong to the city’s agglomeration where nearly 100,000 people are living. The city is the educational, cultural and economic centre of the region, thence several ten thousands of people arrive to Miskolc from the surrounding settlements every day.